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sabato, 18 marzo 2017 - 19 marzo 2017
Viaggio in Arabia Saudita
Saudi Arabia is the world’s 19th largest economy, a member of the G20 and the largest economy in the MENA region, with the third-biggest current account surplus in the world. It is the world’s 16th largest exporter and the world’s 29th largest importer. The Kingdom’s economy ranks 4th in the world for macroeconomic stability. It has grown very strongly in recent years, benefitting from high oil prices and output, strong private sector activity, and increased government spending. The private sector is playing an increasingly larger role in the Saudi economy: it now accounts for 39.5 percent of GDP and is expected to continue growing as Saudi Arabia opens its doors further to foreign investment. The country is now one of the top 20 destinations in the world for foreign direct investment. In order to draw a future vision for the Kingdom, the Saudi cabinet issued on 25 April 2016 “Saudi Vision 2030”, prepared by Council of Economic and Development Affairs headed by Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz. The document suggests a comprehensive vision to diverse Saudi economy and deepen balanced and sustainable development through rebuilding productivity foundations, diversifying income sources and modifying the state-society relation. Key-points of the plan: $ 72 billion of investment over the next five years, to diversify the domestic economy; triple unrelated oil revenues in 5 years; create 450,000 jobs in the private sector industry and grow GDP from 40% to 65% by 2030; increase the participation of women in the labor market from 22% to 30%, and reduce unemployment rate among Saudis from 11.6% to 7%; spending review, cuts in public subsidies and tax increase. The “engine” of the transformation will be the Public Investment Fund, which currently manages the remaining $500 billion of Saudi monetary reserves and they should merge the properties of Saudi Aramco and other state assets, reaching a value of 3,000 billion dollars (= more than the total for Google, Facebook and Amazon).